His primary interests are his work and his social standing.
Nora at first appears to be a silly, selfish girl, but then we learn that she has made great sacrifices to save her husband's life and pay back her secret loan. By the end of the play, she has realized her true strength and strikes out as an independent woman. Torvald, for all his faults, appears to be a loving, devoted and generous husband.
But it later transpires that he is a shallow, vain man, concerned mainly with his public reputation, and too weak to deliver on his promise to shoulder any burden that would fall upon Nora. The Helmer marriage appears loving, A dolls house study guide turns out to be based on lies, play-acting and an unequal relationship.
Krogstad appears to be a bitter, vengeful extortionist until he is reunited with his true love, Mrs Linde, when he becomes more merciful and generous. Mrs Linde first strikes us as self-sufficient, but we learn that she feels "empty" now that she has no one to look after.
Dr Rank acts the role of friend to Torvald and Nora, but we later discover the true motive for his daily visits: Deception The reason why there is such a gap between appearance and reality is that the characters are engaged in various sorts of deception.
Often, this is to enable them to enjoy acceptance or approval by others and society in general. Nora deceives Torvald about the loan and hides her own strength, even lying to him about trivial matters such as eating sweets, because she intuits that he cannot tolerate the truth about their marriage.
Torvald in return deceives Nora and himself when he claims, with apparent sincerity, that if he would take upon himself any burden that fell upon Nora. His claim appears to arise from his poor self-knowledge and tendency to fantasize about his and Nora's life together.
Dr Rank pretends to Torvald that nothing is amiss with his health because Torvald cannot deal with anything disagreeable, such as death. The role of women Ibsen's concerns about the position of women in society are brought to life in A Doll's House.
He believed that women had a right to develop their own individuality, but in reality, their role was often self-sacrifical. Women were not treated as equals with men, either in relation to their husbands or society, as is clear from Torvald's horror of his employees thinking he has been influenced in a decision about Krogstad's job by his wife.
Women could not conduct business or control their own money, for which they needed the authorization of the man who 'owned' them - husband, brother or father. Moreover, they were not educated for responsibility.
Nora falls foul of both injustices, by taking out a loan without the authority of her husband or father, and by believing, out of ignorance of the world, that she could get away with forging a signature. In a sense, single women like Mrs Linde were freer than married ones, in that they had a right to the money they earned and did not have to hand it over to the man of the family.
But the employment open to women was restricted and poorly paid, as we see in Mrs Linde's case: Also, women's work was grindingly dull, and likely to leave an intelligent woman like Mrs Linde "empty" inside. Marriage was a trap in another sense, too.
Though divorce was available, it carried such a social stigma not just for the woman, but also for her husband and family that few women saw it as an option. This is why Torvald would rather have a pretend marriage, for the sake of appearances, than a divorce or an amicable parting.
The female characters of Nora, Mrs Linde and the Nurse all have to sacrifice themselves to be accepted, or even to survive. Nora not only sacrifices herself in borrowing money to save Torvald, but she loses the children she undoubtedly loves when she decides to pursue her own identity.
Mrs Linde sacrifices the true love of her life, Krogstad, and marries a man she does not love in order to support her dependent relatives. The Nurse has to give up her own child to look after other people's in order to survive financially.
What is more, she sees herself as lucky to get her lowly job, since she has committed the sin of having a child out of wedlock. In Ibsen's time, women who had illegitimate babies were stigmatized, while the men responsible often escaped censure.
Ibsen does not suggest solutions to what was called "the women question," his aim being rather to shine a spotlight on problems that few were willing to talk about. He left the task of finding answers to others.
Letters In a society in which difficult or 'taboo' topics were not discussed openly, much of the truth in A Doll's House is conveyed via letters and cards. Examples are Krogstad's letter to Torvald revealing the facts of Nora's loan; his subsequent letter retracting his threats and enclosing her bond; and Dr Rank's discreet visiting cards, marked only with a black cross, announcing his death.
The individual and society Victorian society is portrayed as a repressive influence on the individual. It has created a series of conventions and codes that the individual defies at his or her peril. In the character of the Nurse, Ibsen shows us how easy it would be for a person's entire life to be ruined through one youthful mistake - in her case, falling pregnant outside of marriage.
Torvald defines his life by what society finds acceptable and respectable. He is more concerned about the attractive appearance of his wife and home than he is about his wife's happiness.
When she tries to convince him to keep Krogstad in his job, his main concern is what the bank employees will think of him if they believe he has been influenced by his wife.This study guide and infographic for Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House offer summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text.
Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents and Q&A pairs. In Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House, Nora Helmer spends most of her on-stage time as a doll: a vapid, passive character with little personality of her timberdesignmag.com whole life is a construct of societal norms and the expectations of others.
Until she comes to the realization that her life is a sham, she spends her whole life in a dream world. Nora pretended to practice dance for the following evening.
Helmer had to guide in her practice. Dr. Rank played music. Somehow Nora made Helmer promise not to work with the letter box that evening. Dr. A Doll's House Study Center. Introduction of A Doll's House. Detailed Summary of A Doll's House. Dramatic Irony in A Doll's House.
A Doll's House Study Guide - Course Hero.
This study guide and infographic for Charles Frazier's Cold Mountain offer summary and analysis on themes, symbols, and other literary devices found in the text.
Explore Course Hero's library of literature materials, including documents and Q&A pairs. a doll's house IN "A Doll's House" Ibsen returns to the subject so vital to him,--the Social Lie and Duty,--this time as manifesting themselves in the sacred institution of the home and in .
A Doll's House Study Guide, This is a free study guide to A Dolls House written by Henrik Ibsen. When this play was first performed in Copenhagen, Denmark in , it provoked a storm.