Cambodia Country profile - Cambodia Cambodia is a country deeply influenced by its history, which has affected its human and physical capital in many ways. Loss of life, skills, economic activity and market structures during the Pol Pot regime see box have taken their toll and now 36 per cent of Cambodia's 13 million people live below the poverty line, with many people in rural areas living with inadequate access to safe drinking water. Income inequality between urban and rural areas is high and families who rely on agriculture as a main or sole source of income are most likely to be poor. The challenges to increasing agricultural production are too great for most farmers, many of whom are poor and illiterate with a high number of dependants.
US support for the coup remains unproven. The North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces, desperate to retain their sanctuaries and supply lines from North Vietnam, immediately launched armed attacks on the new government.
The king urged Cambodia poverty profile followers to help in overthrowing this government, hastening the onset of civil war. However, from until earlythe Cambodian conflict was largely one between the government and army of Cambodia, and the armed forces of North Vietnam.
As they gained control of Cambodian territory, the Vietnamese communists imposed a new political infrastructure, which was eventually dominated by the Cambodian communists now referred to as the Khmer Rouge. Lon Nol remained in power in part because neither of the others was prepared to take his place.
Ina constitution was adopted, a parliament elected, and Lon Nol became president. But disunity, the problems of transforming a 30,man army into a national combat force of more thanmen, and spreading corruption weakened the civilian administration and army.
The Communist insurgency inside Cambodia continued to grow, aided by supplies and military support from North Vietnam. Pol Pot and Ieng Sary asserted their dominance over the Vietnamese-trained communists, many of whom were purged.
At the same time, the CPK forces became stronger and more independent of their Vietnamese patrons.
The government made three unsuccessful attempts to enter into negotiations with the insurgents, but bythe CPK were operating openly as divisions, and some of the NVA combat forces had moved into South Vietnam. More than 2 million refugees from the war lived in Phnom Penh and other cities.
Simultaneous attacks around the perimeter of Phnom Penh pinned down Republican forces, while other CPK units overran fire bases controlling the vital lower Mekong resupply route.
A US-funded airlift of ammunition and rice ended when Congress refused additional aid for Cambodia. The Khmer Rouge reached Phnom Penh and took power in Led by Pol Potthey changed the official name of the country to Democratic Kampuchea.
The new regime modelled itself on Maoist China during the Great Leap Forwardimmediately evacuated the cities, and sent the entire population on forced marches to rural work projects. Estimates as to how many people were killed by the Khmer Rouge regime range from approximately one to three million; the most commonly cited figure is two million about a quarter of the population.
Hundreds of thousands fled across the border into neighbouring Thailand. The regime disproportionately targeted ethnic minority groups.
The Cham Muslims suffered serious purges with as much as half of their population exterminated. Professionals, such as doctors, lawyers and teachers, were also targeted.
According to Robert D. Kaplan"eyeglasses were as deadly as the yellow star " as they were seen as a sign of intellectualism. Its arms came from Vietnam and the Soviet Union. Its credentials were recognised by the United Nations. The Khmer Rouge representative to the UN, Thiounn Prasith, was retained, but he had to work in consultation with representatives of the noncommunist Cambodian parties.
The trial began in November The "Kingdom of Cambodia" is the official English name of the country. The English "Cambodia" is an anglicisation of the French "Cambodge", which in turn is the.
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Poverty in Bangladesh has declined remarkably since the earlys, as result decades of accelerated economic growth. The remarkable progress in poverty alleviation has been recognized by international institutions.
According to the World Bank, Bangladesh's poverty rate fell from 82% in , to % in , to % in , and below 9% in ,as measured by the percentage of people.
Poverty continues to fall in Cambodia, albeit more slowly than in the past. According to official estimates, the poverty rate in was % compared to % . Cambodia: Country Poverty Analysis This publication examines trends in growth, consumption, and inequality to construct a poverty profile for Cambodia.
Recognizing that poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon, it also explores (i) nonmonetary poverty and the Millennium. Phnom Penh is the capital of Cambodia.
It potrayed to Cambodia as the center for direct the country's economic grown to be the source of renewed domains after such as industrial, commercial, cultural, tourist and historical center.
Once known as the "Pearl of Asia" in the s, Phnom Penh, along with Siem Reap is a significant global and domestic tourist destination for Cambodia in.