Extreme linguistic governance of this kind was once restricted to religious sects and the political fruitcake fringe.
I recently received in the mail the latest edition of Clinical Sports Nutritionwhich is jam-packed full of studies that I will be using over the next couple of weeks to add a scholarly tinge to my work, what does this mean for Bowden?
Bowden spends an entire 30 page chapter on the supposed myths of a low-carb diet, it might be enough for our purposes to simply list them, then categorically enumerate the key points, briefly, so as not to send you into a diabetic coma. The lower limit of Is589 wk4 mini case central university carbohydrate compatible with life apparently is zero, provided adequate amounts of protein and fat are consumed.
Bowden, Living Low-Carb, p. The take home Bowden has for us: Bowden says he is merely making a point. He also elaborates — our body can run on ketones, whereas we will die without protein or fats, the point?
Not a single advocate of controlled-carb eating thinks we should eat a no-carb diet. Controlled-carb does not mean no-carb, and I am certainly not advocating a no-carb diet for anyone. A low-sugar diet, absolutely. But a no-carb diet? Not on your life.
Bowden lists just what you can consume in a day and still be under g of carbs which is less than half of what most Americans eat: Burke and Deacon, Clinical Nutrition, p. Myth 3 — Low-carb diets induce ketosis, a dangerous metabolic state Bowden admits at the outset, that ketosis is less a part of low-carb dieting as it used to be, and that it is not a necessary part of low-carb dieting or an indicator of fat loss as Burke and Deacon would confirm: As the degree of ketosis has not been associated with extent fat loss, it is considered unlikely that this is a key factor.
Ketosis is potentially harmful, with possible long-term effects being sequelae including hyperlipidemia, impaired neutrophil function, optic neuropathy and osteoporosis, as well as alterations in cognitive function. Well — yes and no. Bowden states that dietary ketosis, which he claims Atkins renamed lipolysis, is simply a breakdown of fat.
He quotes Lyle McDonald: Before we continue, what are ketones exactly and how are they produced? Normally, carbs are broken dowin into glucose, and then pyruvic acid, and then a substance called acetyl CoA.
Fats are broken down by a proces called beta-oxidation into two carbon fragments which also combine to make acetly CoA. First, some of it gets broken down in the liver into ketone bodies.
You are making ketone bodies right now while you sit there reading this book [blog]. The liver is always producing ketone bodies… So the liver makes the ketones — which are essentially by-products of fat metabolism specifically the breakdown of acetly CoA — all the time.
Well, on a diet with plenty of carbohydrates, the acetly CoA combines with a by-product of carbohydrate metabolism called oxalaocetic acid.
When acetly CoA combines with oxalaocetic acid, it enters an energy-production cycles called the Krebs cycle.
What happens when you go on a very restricted carbohydrate diet and there is not enough carbohydrate glucose coming down the pike to produce the oxaloacetic acid necessary to take the Acetyl CoA in the Krebs cycle?
Well, the acetly CoA accumulates in the liver. And the liver promptly breaks down the ketones also known as ketone bodies….
In a low-carb diet, there is not a lot, So all the acetly CoA has to be broken down into ketones, and these ketones — products of fat breakdown — are now being made in sufficient quantities that you can detect them in the urine.
Ketones should not be considered a toxic substance or a by-product of abnormal human metabolism. Rather ketones are a normal physiological substance that plays many important roles in the body. Due to this the production of ketone bodies are also ramped up to dangerous levels, and as the diabetic has increased blood sugar levels due to the inability to manage glucose levels with insulinthe ketones continue to accumulate, this becomes the life threatening state known as diabetic ketoacidosis.
Now the type 1 diabetic is left with dangerous levels of ketone bodies and blood sugar in their system. I leave it for the professionals and laymen among you to make your own mind up on whether Bowden has been successul in his endeavors. New York, New York.
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