The apology plato of socrates

It is in essential harmony with the references to the trial that occur in Plato's other dialogs and also with the account given in Xenophon's Memorabilia. It appears to record, in many instances, the exact words used by Socrates while making his speech in defense of himself.

The apology plato of socrates

The defence of Socrates[ edit ] Socrates begins his legal defence by telling the jury that their minds were poisoned by his enemies, when they the jury were young and impressionable. That his false reputation as a sophistical philosopher comes from his enemies, all of whom are malicious and envious of him, yet must remain nameless — except for the playwright Aristophaneswho lampooned him Socrates as a charlatan-philosopher in the comedy play The Clouds BC.

About corrupting the rich, young men of Athens, Socrates argues that deliberate corruption is an illogical action.

That the false accusations of his being a corrupter of youth began at the time of his obedience to the Oracle at Delphiand tells how Chaerephon went to the Oracle, to ask her the priestess if there was a man wiser than Socrates.

That when Chaerephon reported to him that the Oracle said there is no wiser man, he Socrates interpreted that divine report as a riddle — because he was aware of possessing no wisdom "great or small", and that lying is not in the nature of the gods. The wisest man Socrates then sought to solve the divine paradox — that an ignorant man also could be the wisest of all men — in effort to illuminate the meaning of the Oracles' categorical statement: After systematically interrogating the politicians, the poets, and the craftsmen, Socrates determined that the politicians were impostors; that the poets did not understand their own poetry; and that the craftsmen, like prophets and seers, did not understand the things they spoke.

In that light, Socrates saw himself as spokesman for the Oracle at Delphi 22e. He asked himself if he would rather be an impostor, like the "wise people" he interrogated, or if he would rather be himself, Socrates of Athens.

As the defendant under trial, Socrates tells the jury that he would rather be himself than be anyone else. That in searching for a man wiser than himself, his questioning earned him the dubious reputation of social gadfly to the city of Athens.

Corrupter of youth Having addressed the social prejudices against him, Socrates addresses the first accusation — the moral corruption of Athenian youth — by accusing his accuser, Meletus, of being indifferent to the persons and things about which he professes to care.

Whilst interrogating Meletus, Socrates says that no one would intentionally corrupt another person — because the corrupter later stands to be harmed in vengeance by the corrupted person. The matter of moral corruption is important for two reasons: Atheist Socrates then addresses the second accusation — asebeia impiety against the pantheon of Athens — by which Meletus says that Socrates is an atheist.

In cross-examination, Socrates leads Meletus to contradict himself: That Socrates is an atheist who also believes in spiritual agencies and demigods.

Socrates tells the judges that Meletus has contradicted himself, and then asks if Meletus has designed a test of intelligence for identifying logical contradictions. That people who fear death are showing their ignorance, because death might be a good thing, but that most people fear death as an evil thing, when they cannot possibly know death to be either good or evil.

The apology plato of socrates

Socrates says that his wisdom is in being aware that he is ignorant: That in a conflict of obedience to such authorities, obeying divine authority supersedes obeying human authority: That, as spokesman for the Oracle at Delphi, he is to spur the Athenians to greater awareness of ethics and moral conduct, and always shall question and argue, even if his accusers — Lycon, Anytus, and Meletus — withdraw their accusations against him.

Therefore, the philosopher Socrates of Athens asks his fellow citizens: That material wealth is a consequence of goodness; that the god does not permit a better man to be harmed by a lesser man; and that he is the social gadfly required by Athens: That statement implicitly validates Meletus' accusation that Socrates believes in novel deities not of the Athenian pantheon.

Socrates says he never was a paid teacher; therefore, he is not responsible for the corruption of any Athenian citizen. That if he corrupted anyone, he asks: That if the corrupted Athenians are ignorant of having been corrupted, then why have their families not spoken on their behalf?

In point of fact, Socrates indicates relatives of the Athenian youth he supposedly corrupted are present in court, giving him moral support. Socrates concludes his legal defence by reminding the judges that he shall not resort to emotive tricks and arguments, shall not cry in public regret, and that his three sons will not appear in court to pathetically sway the judges.

Socrates says he is unafraid of death and shall not act contrary to religious duty.1 Plato’s Apology of Socrates How you, men of Athens, have been affected by my accusers, I do 17a not know timberdesignmag.com my part, even I nearly forgot myself because of.

The jury finds Socrates guilty. Socrates' Proposal for his Sentence There are many reasons why I am not grieved, O men of Athens, at the vote of condemnation.

Socrates - Plato’s Apology: Although in none of Plato’s dialogues is Plato himself a conversational partner or even a witness to a conversation, in the Apology Socrates says that Plato is one of several friends in the audience.

Socrates - Plato’s Apology: Although in none of Plato’s dialogues is Plato himself a conversational partner or even a witness to a conversation, in the Apology Socrates says that Plato is one of several friends in the audience.

In this way Plato lets us know that he was an eyewitness of the trial and therefore in the best possible position. Apology By Plato. Commentary: Quite a few comments have been posted about Apology. Download: A 58k text-only version is available for download.

Apology By Plato Translated by Benjamin Jowett. Socrates' Defense How you have felt, O men of Athens, at hearing the speeches of my accusers. Summary. The Apology is believed to be the most authentic account that has been preserved of Socrates' defense of himself as it was presented before the Athenian timberdesignmag.com is in essential harmony with the references to the trial that occur in Plato's other dialogs and also with the account given in Xenophon's timberdesignmag.com appears to record, in many instances, the exact words used by.

Commentary on the Apology of Socrates