What does the strong relationship between the oppression of blacks and women to disability say about the feelings toward disability in our society? The appearance of disability within the texts of black women writers that we have read in this course begs the question of just where does disability fit in our discussion of race and gender? In light of the prevalence of black males being placed in Special Education classes at such a higher rate than other ethnic groups and disability being used to justify the sterilization of black mothers, an understanding of gender and race as disability is also critical to the furthering of civil rights in the 21st century. The same appropriation of disability through language has also been true for women.
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Reviews in American History Temple University Press, Longmore began by praising the book for its perceptive accounts of Bourne's advocacy of socialism and cultural pluralism and of the important work he accomplished even as his opposition to the Great War isolated him among American intellectuals.
Following this conventional opening, however, Longmore commenced a sustained and pointed critique on grounds never before seen in a scholarly review: Probably more than anyone, Longmore has been responsible for bringing disability studies to the field of history, and in this respect he has several important firsts to his name.
His review essays in RAH were the first to bring a disability studies critique to journals of history; he was the first to have an article published on disability history in the Journal of American History; and he was co-editor, with Laurie Umansky, of the first collection in the field, The New Disability History: Consistently accessible, the book as a whole would serve as a fine introduction to the contemporary study of disability, yet still offers much that is original and provocative to specialists in the field as well.
In the Bourne review, Longmore argues that Bourne's life and work were fundamentally shaped by beliefs about disability in early-twentieth-century [End Page ] America. It was a time of increasing assaults on the liberties of disabled people, including widespread institutionalization and exclusion from American economic and social life.
Disabled people were being stigmatized as defective and degenerate, threats to the genetic health of the nation and burdens on the economy.
Congress was establishing increasingly restrictive immigration laws to prevent disabled people from entering the country, while public health officials and superintendents of institutions sterilized thousands. Widespread discrimination prevented many disabled people from earning a wage, at the same time that so called "unsightly beggar" ordinances in cities such as Chicago prohibited those who were "diseased, maimed, mutilated, or in any way deformed" from begging p.
Bourne lived during the rise of the international eugenics movement that would culminate in what Longmore termed the "handicapped Holocaust" in Nazi Germany, in which hundreds of thousands of disabled people would be killed, yet historians writing about Bourne have largely discounted the significance of that context.
Christopher Lasch, for example, wrote in that perhaps all of his "'disappointments and frustrations were the inevitable result of Bourne's deformity.
But then only recently have histories of the eugenics movement and the Holocaust given serious attention to disability. If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'.
You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:Yet Douglas Baynton explained over a decade ago that disability history is about more than pointing out that disabled people existed.
Just as Joan Scott proposed that we use gender as a lens in the s, Baynton argued that disability is critical to interpreting society and culture.
Mar 17, · The implications of disability language being used to describe African Americans, women and other oppressed groups have been explored by Historian, Douglas C.
Baynton, in his essay, “Disability and the Justification of Inequality in American History.” In his Essay Baynton writes, “while disabled people can be considered one of the. Get this from a library! The disability studies reader. [Lennard J Davis] -- "The Fourth Edition of the Disability Studies Reader breaks new ground by emphasizing the global, transgender, homonational, and posthuman conceptions of disability.
Including physical disabilities. Disability and the Justification of Inequality in American History. Douglas Baynton argues in this article that historians should see disability as a central issue in American history, rather than a special topic of interest only to those who study the lives of disabled people.
Expanding on Baynton's valuable observations, history teachers and historians would do well to consider the role of issues and ideologies pertaining to disability and people with disabilities in the rise of the modern American state.
The theme of this issue is “Disability in History,” and a number of articles address the subject: Linda K. Kerber’s article, “Enabling History,” begins the discussion and introduces the other articles on disability by Douglas Baynton, .