May 24, in Uncategorized Summary of the Book: Trailer of the Movie Version: The story of The Lorax was written by Dr.
Themes, Arguments, and Ideas Mode, Means, and Relations of Production Marx used the term mode of production to refer to the specific organization of economic production in a given society.
A mode of production includes the means of production used by a given society, such as factories and other facilities, machines, and raw materials.
It also includes labor and the organization of the labor force. The term relations of production refers to the relationship between those who own the means of production the capitalists or bourgeoisie and those who do not the workers or the proletariat.
According to Marx, history evolves through the interaction between the mode of production and the relations of production. The mode of production constantly evolves toward a realization of its fullest productive capacity, but this evolution creates antagonisms between the classes of people defined by the relations of production—owners and workers.
Capitalism is a mode of production based on private ownership of the means of production. Capitalists produce commodities for the exchange market and to stay competitive must extract as much labor from the workers as possible at the lowest possible cost.
The economic interest of the capitalist is to pay the worker as little as possible, in fact just enough to keep him alive and productive. The workers, in turn, come to The lorax materialism and capitalism in that their economic interest lies in preventing the capitalist from exploiting them in this way.
As this example shows, the social relations of production are inherently antagonistic, giving rise to a class struggle that Marx believes will lead to the overthrow of capitalism by the proletariat.
The proletariat will replace the capitalist mode of production with a mode of production based on the collective ownership of the means of production, which is called Communism. Alienation In his early writings, which are more philosophical than economic, Marx describes how the worker under a capitalist mode of production becomes estranged from himself, from his work, and from other workers.
By working on and transforming objective matter into sustenance and objects of use-value, human beings meet the needs of existence and come to see themselves externalized in the world.
However, capitalism, the system of private ownership of the means of production, deprives human beings of this essential source of self-worth and identity. The worker approaches work only as a means of survival and derives none of the other personal satisfactions of work because the products of his labor do not belong to him.
These products are instead expropriated by capitalists and sold for profit. In capitalism, the worker, who is alienated or estranged from the products he creates, is also estranged from the process of production, which he regards only as a means of survival.
Estranged from the production process, the worker is therefore also estranged from his or her own humanity, since the transformation of nature into useful objects is one of the fundamental facets of the human condition.
Finally, the capitalist mode of production alienates human beings from other human beings. The alienation of the worker from his work and of the worker from capitalists forms the basis of the antagonistic social relationship that will eventually lead to the overthrow of capitalism.
Historical Materialism As noted previously, the writings of the German idealist philosopher Hegel had a profound impact on Marx and other philosophers of his generation.
Hegel elaborated a dialectical view of human consciousness as a process of evolution from simple to more complex categories of thought. According to Hegel, human thought has evolved from very basic attempts to grasp the nature of objects to higher forms of abstract thought and self-awareness.
History evolves through a similar dialectical process, whereby the contradictions of a given age give rise to a new age based on a smoothing over of these contradictions. In other words, Hegel believed that ideas are the primary mode in which human beings relate to the world and that history can be understood in terms of the ideas that define each successive historical age.
Marx, on the other hand, believed that the fundamental truth about a particular society or period in history is how that society is organized to satisfy material needs. Whereas Hegel saw history as a succession of ideas and a working out of contradictions on a conceptual level, Marx saw history as a succession of economic systems or modes of production, each one organized to satisfy human material needs but giving rise to antagonisms between different classes of people, leading to the creation of new societies in an evolving pattern.
The Labor Theory of Value The labor theory of value states that the value of a commodity is determined by the amount of labor that went into producing it and not, for instance, by the fluctuating relationship of supply and demand. Marx defines a commodity as an external object that satisfies wants or needs and distinguishes between two different kinds of value that can be attributed to it.
Commodities have a use-value that consists of their capacity to satisfy such wants and needs. For the purposes of economic exchange, they have an exchange-value, their value in relation to other commodities on the market, which is measured in terms of money.
Marx asserts that in order to determine the relative worth of extremely different commodities with different use-values, exchange-value, or monetary value, must be measurable in terms of a property common to all such commodities. The only thing that all commodities have in common is that they are a product of labor.
Therefore, the value of a commodity in a market represents the amount of labor that went into its production. In the simplest form of exchange, people produce commodities and sell them so that they can buy other commodities to satisfy their own needs and wants.
With all the laughs and the adorable animation of the characters in Dr. Seuss’ The Lorax (), this light and fun respite approach of the movie puts forward not subtle but a deeper message on the reality of environmental degradation—its beginnings and dynamics; and also a suggestion for all of. Almost a half-century after the Lorax first popped out of a stump, his real identity can be revealed. Unbridled capitalism will destroy the Earth. This process of historical materialism is explained in terms of the economic systems and social relations of a society; it is simultaneously illustrated using a character from the video game (Toad) and its weapons (a turnip) that reflect commodities that the character produces.
In such exchanges, money is only the common medium that allows transactions to take place. Capitalists, in contrast, are motivated not by a need for commodities but by a desire to accumulate money.“I am the Lorax, I speak for the trees.” With this quote, Dr. Seuss’s character the Lorax establishes himself as the spokesperson for nature and presents the main conflict of the iconic picture book: ecocentrism versus capitalism.
Published in at the height of the modern North American environmental movement, contemporary readers could recognize this dichotomy mirrored in their own. Capitalism and money do not lead to materialism or consumerism There is no force operating in the free market that requires the intense pursuit of material possessions, unless this is our preference.
According to Michelle Abate, "the book is commonly read as a cautionary tale about the irresponsible plundering of natural resources by greedy corporations, the attendant need for environmental protections, and the excessive materialism and unnecessary consumption that typifies late twentieth-century American capitalism" (53).
This process of historical materialism is explained in terms of the economic systems and social relations of a society; The Lorax warns that industrial activity will destroy our natural environment.
Tags: under capitalism workers are often not afforded the ability to express themselves through their work. Almost a half-century after the Lorax first popped out of a stump, his real identity can be revealed.
Unbridled capitalism will destroy the Earth. The Movie The Lorax Compared to Materialism and Capitalism in Society Juliana Serpa Merced College MOVIE LORAX COMPARED TO SOCIETY 2 The movie The Lorax will be compared to how society views the environment we live in, and what is sacrificed for the interest of materialism and capitalism.
This children's movie was originally written by Dr.