He was educated at the military Academy in Brienne and later in Paris France yet by that time, most people were still illiterate. This helped him in that: This made him popular at school.
The Rise of Napoleon Napoleon's rise to power Napoleon's career largely resulted from the military innovations he inherited from the French Revolution, such as mass conscription which made possible the use of block tactics in order to attack in column and eliminated the need for supply lines, thus making French armies much more mobile.
The Revolution also provided him with young officers who had largely developed these new tactics and were willing and able to successfully implement them on the battlefield. Therefore, the two characteristics of Napoleonic warfare, massed firepower and mobility were already present when he started his career.
Napoleon Bonaparte himself was barely French, his homeland Corsica having just become part of France two years before his birth in He attended a French military school and, while not a great student, picked things up quickly and finished a three-year program in one year.
His Corsican accent and wild appearance set him apart from his classmates. Although sociable, he liked to be alone a lot. At an early age he exhibited the qualities that would earn him and France an empire: He admired Caesar, Alexander and Charlemagne and, like them, exhibited the quick decisive manner that made them all great leaders.
At age sixteen, Napoleon became a second lieutenant in the royal artillery, but his non-noble and Corsican origins left him little chance of promotion.
All that changed with the French Revolution. Inhe went back to Corsica to fight for its independence. After quarrelling with the leader of the revolt, he returned to France and joined the Jacobins.
Inthe young Bonaparte became a national hero by leading the recapture of the French port of Toulon from the British. The next year Napoleon's ties with the Jacobins and their fall in the Thermidorean Reaction landed him in jail for several months.
It was in that Napoleon got his big break when his famous "whiff of grapeshot" mowed down rebels in the streets of Paris and saved the new government, the Directory, from counter-revolution.
This event catapulted Napoleon into the command of the Army of Italy, a ragtag army without enough shoes or even pants for its men. Nevertheless, he led this army against the Austrians in a lightning campaign that showed all the hallmarks of Napoleonic generalship: Napoleon drove with characteristic speed through northern Italy and then into Austria, forcing it to sign the Treaty of Campo Formio.
However, this victory and the prospect of renewed French offensives alarmed kings all over Europe who formed the Second Coalition of Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia against France.
Napoleon saw Britain as his main enemy, because it funded France's other enemies and also had a powerful navy protecting its coasts. As a result, Napoleon came up with a bold, if ill conceived, plan: At first, all went well.
Napoleon's fleet eluded the great British admiral, Lord Nelson and landed in Egypt in The French decisively beat the Mamluke army and soon ruled Egypt.
Then things fell apart. Lord Nelson found the French fleet and demolished it in the Battle of the Nile, thus stranding the French army in Egypt. Napoleon tried a daring march to Istanbul by way of Syria, but his artillery was captured and he had to return to Egypt with his sick and demoralized army.
While the French languished in Egypt, Napoleon got word of political turmoil in France. He thereby abandoned his army which later surrendered to the British and slipped across to France.
He then took part in a daring plot to overthrow the government. The conspiracy succeeded and Napoleon became First Consul of France in Consolidating his power The government that Napoleon and his allies set up, the Consulate, was a mockery of democracy and aptly reflected the above quotation.
People elected delegates who chose other delegates who chose other delegates from whom were appointed legislators who had no power anyway. So much for the legislature. As for Napoleon's fellow conspirators, Ducos and Sieyes, they were shoved into the background and forgotten within a month, leaving Napoleon firmly in charge of France.Napoleon was born the same year the Republic of Genoa, a former commune of Italy, transferred Corsica to France.
The state sold sovereign rights a year before his birth in , and the island was conquered by France during the year of his birth and formally incorporated as a province in , after years under nominal Genoese rule and 14 years of independence.
Instead of improving, France descended further into corruption and chaos, and ushered in the rise of a new dictator -- Napoleon. Causes of the French Revolution Before the revolution, France had undertaken an enormous amount of debt due years of war with England. The brief period during when Napoleon made his last bid for power, deposing the French King and again becoming Emperor of France Congress of Vienna ( CE) Meeting of representatives of European monarchs called to reestablish the old order after the defeat of Napoleon.
During in Paris, Napoleon led a coup d'Etat that overthrew the weak Directory and set up a three-man governing board called the Consulate. Another new constitution was created, but Napoleon soon claimed the title First Consul.
French Revolution & Napoleon Bonaparte. The rule of Napoleon and how he tried to end the French Revolution.
STUDY. PLAY. Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from to her political connections helped him rise to power but she didn't bear him a son so he divorced her.
During the French Revolution, Napoleon rose quickly in the army. Personal qualities and military capabilities gave Napoleon popular support. Napoleon received command of the French army, being a young general until , when, due to the discontent of the people towards the Directory, he and two directors overthrew the government.