Types of case study research methods

Introduction Case study research has grown in reputation as an effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings. Case study designs have been used across a number of disciplines, particularly the social sciences, education, business, law, and health, to address a wide range of research questions.

Types of case study research methods

Bedrettin Yazan, University of Alabama Follow Abstract Case study methodology has long been a contested terrain in social sciences research which is characterized by varying, sometimes opposing, approaches espoused by many research methodologists.

Despite being one of the most frequently used qualitative research methodologies in educational research, the methodologists do not have a full consensus on the design and implementation of case study, which hampers its full evolution.

Focusing on the landmark works of three prominent methodologists, namely Robert Yin, Sharan Merriam, Robert Stake, I attempt to scrutinize the areas where their perspectives diverge, converge and complement one another in varying dimensions of case study research.

I aim to help the emerging researchers in the field of education familiarize themselves with the diverse views regarding case study that lead to a vast array of techniques and strategies, out of which they can come up with a combined perspective which best serves their research purpose.

His research interests include language teacher identity, case study methodology, English as an international language, collaboration between ESL and mainstream teachers, and sociocultural theories in second language acquisition. Correspondence regarding this article can be addressed directly to: Acknowledgements I am grateful to my dear professor, Dr.

Betty Malen, for her comments on an earlier draft of this paper and for her invaluable support throughout the process. Ronald Chenail, for this review and constructive feedback, which led this paper to become much stronger.1 Introduction The case study is but one of several ways of doing social science research.

Other ways include experiments, surveys, histories, and the analysis of arĀ­. Case studies are only one of many ways of doing social science research, with experimentation, observation, surveys and archival information (as mentioned above) each.

Case series and Case reports consist of collections of reports on the treatment of individual patients or a report on a single patient.

How it works

Because they are reports of cases and use no control groups to compare outcomes, they have little statistical validity. This case study would use several types of research to determine an outcome.

The best example of a person case is the "Genie" case study. Again, "Genie" was a year-old girl who was discovered by social services in Los Angeles in Different types of case study research methods.

Types of case study research methods

In business research, four common case study approaches are distinguished. First, there is the "no theory first" type of case study design, which is closely connected to Kathleen M. Eisenhardt's methodological work. The second type of research design is about "gaps and holes", following Robert K.

Yin's guidelines and making positivist assumptions. Types of Research Methods Adapted from Edvantia SBR Rating for Technical Assistance Programs and Services form () and Carter McNamara Overview of Methods to Collect Information handout.

Case study - Wikipedia